For some people, music is a mere way to past time while going through a 6-hour drive. For some, it’s a way to forget their past and move on. Music is made by people who try to express themselves and some people also find themselves in the situation thus being relatable to the music they hear. For some, music is a way to focus on what they are doing and to keep them calm in a situation. For some, it’s a way to heal not only a broken heart but to keep themselves healthy in mind, soul, and body.
Music therapy is not new at all, it’s already been a thing in the ’80s. Music therapy is considered a health profession close to psychological aspects. It consists of a systematic process wherein a therapist uses music and its relying categories such as physical, emotional, mental, social, spiritual, and aesthetic, to help their clients recover their physical and mental health. Music therapists, another branch falling under psychology, primarily aims to help their client improve regarding their motor skills, cognitive functioning, emotional development, and social skills. Through such a process, a person undergoing music therapy is expected to experience positive outcomes such as improved attention span and emotion management.
Music therapy can also be done by other health professionals such as psychologists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, and physicians. Patients can also seek therapy without professional advice. There are two different forms of music therapy known as the active and receptive forms. Active therapy pertains to both client and therapist interacting and creating music with instruments using their voice along with other objects if necessary. By this means, the therapist is allowing the client to express him or herself freely and making oneself comfortable and relaxed. It is also a way to promote creativity and self-expressiveness in the form of art and music. On the other hand, receptive therapy is the counterpart of active therapy. It is where the therapist plays or produces music to let the patient meditate, listen, relax, or even draw what he or she feels. The method on how to treat the patient is usually decided by the therapist not unless it is requested by the patient.
There are also various approaches underlying music therapy which will depend upon cases to cases. Some of the most prominent methodologies in the field of music therapy are NMT also known as Neurologic Music Therapy, Nordoff-Robbins, and the Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music.
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